Are there treatments to ease cancer symptoms?

El cáncer de pulmón: tratamiento

Hay dos tipos diferentes de cáncer de pulmón? De células pequeñas y de células no pequeñas. Además, el tamaño del tumor, la localización y la extensión del tumor, junto con la salud general del paciente con cáncer de pulmón dicta qué tipo de tratamiento o se puede utilizar en el paciente. La calidad de vida puede mejorar con algunas tratamientos o combinaciones de tratamientos.

Dependiendo de la ubicación y el tamaño del tumor, la cirugía puede ser usado para extirpar el tumor. Si el tamaño y la ubicación dicta que la cirugía no es una opción, hay otras maneras de controlar el cáncer.

La quimioterapia mata las células cancerosas, y puede ser utilizado para algunos pacientes con cáncer de pulmón. Los fármacos anticancerosos se introducen para controlar el crecimiento del cáncer y / o para aliviar los síntomas de cáncer. La quimioterapia se realiza con una inyección o por medio de un catéter colocado en una vena grande. El catéter se mantiene en la vena durante el tiempo que sea necesario. medicamentos contra el cáncer también se puede administrar en forma de una píldora, en algunas circunstancias.

Los rayos de alta energía también puede matar las células cancerosas. Esto se conoce como la radioterapia o la radioterapia. Los rayos se dirigen a la zona cancerosa. La radioterapia se utiliza a veces para reducir el tamaño del tumor antes de la cirugía. También puede aliviar algunos síntomas de cáncer, tales como falta de aliento.

Otro tipo de tratamiento es la terapia fotodinámica. Se trata de una terapia con láser en el que una sustancia química especial se inyecta en el torrente sanguíneo y es absorbido por las células de todo el cuerpo. El producto químico deja las células normales, pero permanece en las células cancerosas más tiempo. A la luz del láser se apunta a que el cáncer, que activa el producto químico y mata las células cancerosas. Este tratamiento se puede utilizar para controlar el sangrado o las vías respiratorias bloqueadas.

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