Can prostate cancer kill?

Hechos del cáncer de próstata

La próstata se encuentra contento de debajo de la vejiga en los hombres solamente. Se rodea el cuello de la vejiga y la uretra. La próstata tiene aproximadamente el tamaño de una nuez. Hay tres glándulas necesarios para la reproducción. La próstata es una de ellas, y es la glándula que se encarga de producir pegajosa, el líquido lechoso de los ácidos y las enzimas a la casa de los espermatozoides en el semen. Este fluido constituye alrededor del 15 por ciento del semen.

El cáncer de próstata comienza en las células de la glándula de la próstata, pero puede extenderse a la vejiga, colon, recto, huesos y otras partes del cuerpo. Un análisis de sangre y el examen físico puede ayudar a descubrir el cáncer de próstata. Si se detecta a tiempo (al menos antes de que se extienda, pero preferiblemente antes), puede ser curado.

Acerca de 189.000 hombres en los Estados Unidos han sido diagnosticadas con cáncer de próstata cada año. Aunque uno de cada seis serán diagnosticadas con cáncer de próstata, sólo uno de cada 30 muere de cáncer de próstata. Alrededor del 96 por ciento de los hombres diagnosticados con cáncer de próstata viven al menos cinco años. Alrededor del 75 por ciento de los hombres diagnosticados con cáncer de próstata en vivo por lo menos 10 años.

En la mayoría de los casos, el cáncer de próstata no será sintomático hasta que esté muy avanzada. Una vez que un hombre que cumple los 50, debería haber exámenes de próstata cada año. La quimioterapia y la radioterapia se puede utilizar para matar las células de cáncer de próstata si se detecta a tiempo. La próstata también se puede extirpar quirúrgicamente, a fin de tratar de impedir que el cáncer se propague.

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Jennifer Mathes, Ph.D.