What is the leading cause of blindness?
Being able to read and write is of great societal importance. A person with a visual impairment is considered illiterate if he or she cannot read Braille, according to definition. Statistics were taken from the Braille Institute. Because of the importance of literacy, the Braille Institute dedicates much of its resources to help increase Braille literacy in the blind community. Ninety percent of blind jobholders in the United States are Braille literate. Thirty-three states have enacted bills that promote Braille instruction in school (grades K-12).
A person is considered legally blind if “their central vision acuity is 20/200 or less in the better eye, even with corrective lenses.” If the central vision acuity is more than 20/200 but the peripheral field is “restricted to a diameter of 20 degrees or less,” a person is considered legally blind.
About 7.3 million (about 25 percent of the population) people over the age of 65 have some form of vision impairment. Diabetics are 25 time more likely to go blind than non-diabetics. In the United States, there are 15 million people who are either blind or have some other vision impairment.
Women live longer than men, so visual impairment statistics are overrepresented in favor or women. One in 20 preschool-age kids (ages 3 to 5) is affected by vision problems. About 25 percent of school-age (6 to 17) children are affected by vision problems. Seventy percent of blind or severely visually impaired people are over 65, and out of that group, 50 percent are legally blind.
There are aids for the blind and visually impaired, but not many blind people make use of these aids—only 2 percent of legally blind people use a guide dog and 35 percent use a white cane.
Leading causes of blindness include age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and age-related cataracts.
Disability Frequently Asked Questions
Should I be ashamed of being depressed because of my amputation?
Can a person with an amputation live a normal, healthy lifestyle?
Do I have to have someone living with me if I am an amputee?
I have an amputation—is there a sport I can compete in?
Where do I meet others like me?
What are the ages of baby boomers?
Where can I find more information on baby boomer topics?
Are there special resources just for baby boomers?
Are there specific health issues I should be aware of?
Should I make the time to seek caregiver assistance and support?
Should a cancer patient caregiver enlist the help of outside resources?
What are some of the things I should do as a caregiver?
Can I get financial help if I am an elderly caregiver caring for an elderly spouse?
How can I make living with a child with a disability easier for me and the child?
Just because a child has a mental disability, does that mean he or she cannot learn?
Should children with physical disabilities be allowed to participate in sporting activities?
Can my child learn from sites on the internet?
What is the leading cause of blindness?
Where can a visually impaired or blind person find information and services?
Are there books that are printed for the blind or visually impaired?
Does an employer have to make accommodations for a deaf person?
Where can specific information on deafness and hearing impairments be found?
Is there assistance for hearing impaired workers?
Does a hearing impaired disability hold a person back?
Where can a hearing impaired person look for jobs?
Does a deaf or hearing impaired child have the right to attend public school?
Does a veteran get VA disability if the disability is not service connected?
Can a disabled veteran get employment?
Where can a disabled veteran get assistance?
Where can a disabled veteran find other disabled veterans to communicate with?
Where can a disabled veteran find information on local organizations?
What should I do if I notice symptoms of hyperreflexia?
Are there other issues a spinal cord injury patient must be aware of?
Does physical therapy help a spinal cord injury patient?
Is joining a support group for me?
Should I exercise to help with arthritis pain management?
How common is arthritis?
Does arthritis affect other health concerns?
How does one cope with arthrits pain limitations?
What can I expect when I am out and about in a wheelchair?
What types of disabilities require the use of a wheelchair?
How can pressure sores be averted?
Do people with a short-term disability need a wheelchair?
Can cancer patients suffer from depression?
Are there anonymous ways of coping with cancer?
Does a cancer patient have to go to the doctor every day for medication?
Are there treatments to ease cancer symptoms?
Can prostate cancer kill?
What is a good way to relieve the stress of a terminal cancer patient's remaining time?
Is it possible to not be able to find the cause of chronic pain?
Should a person with chronic pain start an exercise program?
Can online chronic pain support groups help me?
Is lower back pain common?
Are there ways to control chronic pain?
What causes stroke?
What is involved in stroke recovery?
Do stroke patients recover completely?
Are online support groups helpful?
Are there drugs to help restore blood flow to the brain?
Are there certain types of foods that should be eliminated from the diet if someone has multiple sclerosis?
Does exercise help patients with multiple sclerosis?
Is multiple sclerosis curable?
Should I attend support group meetings?
Does MS drug therapyhelp?
Can Parkinson's Disease psychologically affect a person?
Can exercise help with Parkinson's Disease?
There are drugs to cope with the symptoms of Parkinson's--are there drugs to stop the progression?
Is there surgery for Parkinson's Disease?
Are there things a patient can do at home to help minimize the effects of Parkinson's?