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The prostate glad is located under the bladder in males only. It surrounds the neck of the bladder and the urethra. The prostate is about the size of a walnut. There are three glands necessary for reproduction. The prostate gland is one of them, and it is the gland that is responsible for producing sticky, milky fluid of acids and enzymes to house the sperm in the semen. This fluid makes up for about 15 percent of the semen.
Prostate cancer starts in the cells of the prostate gland, but can spread to the bladder, colon, rectum, bone and other parts of the body. A blood test and physical exam can help to discover prostate cancer. If it is caught early enough (at least before it spreads, but preferably earlier), it can be cured.
About 189,000 men in the United States are newly diagnosed with prostate cancer each year. Though one in six will be diagnosed with prostate cancer, only one in 30 die from prostate cancer. About 96 percent of the men diagnosed with prostate cancer live at least five years. About 75 percent of the men diagnosed with prostate cancer live at least 10 years.
In most cases, prostate cancer will not be symptomatic until it is very advanced. Once a male turns 50, he should have prostate screenings each year. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy can be used to kill prostate cancer cells if caught early enough. The prostate can also be surgically removed in order to try to keep the cancer from spreading.